infinitive mood wikipedia

After a modal verb you must use an infinitive. The use of zu with infinitives is similar to English to, but is less frequent than in English. Πέρσης is a predicate noun in the nominative, showing case agreement with an understood and omitted pronoun (Here we are dealing with coreferential proi and PROi). [42] Concerning infinitives, no matter of which type, either articulated or not, and also either of the dynamic or declarative use, the following can be said as a general introduction to the infinitival syntax (:case rules for the infinitival subject): These three main constructions available are desctribed in some detail in the sections below. σπονδάς τε ἐποιησάμεθα [...] καὶ ἐτρεπόμεθα πρὸς τὸν πότον. grammatical form. If I write… 3. (Infinitives are negated by simply preceding them with not. In modern Greek, the infinitive has thus changed form and function and is used mainly in the formation of periphrastic tense forms and not with an article or alone. 39-48, §§13-16. consonant elision takes place if applicable, e.g.. assimilation of clusters violating sonority hierarchy if applicable, e.g.. 't' weakens to 'd' after diphthongs, e.g., The second infinitive is formed by replacing the final, A personal suffix can then be added to this form to indicate the, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 00:57. More specifically, an infinitive in the present verb stem lays stress on "the process or course of the state of affairs", and in many cases has "an immediative" semantic force, while an infinitive in the aorist verb stem lays stress "on the completion of the state of affairs, expressing a well-defined or well-delineated state of affairs".[15]. The atypical case regarding the implicit subject of an infinitive is an example of exceptional case-marking. The infinitive nevertheless remains the dictionary form. French language - Wikipedia As for the non-finite verb forms, Serbian has one infinitive, two adjectival participles (the active … For details of this, see split infinitive. English has infinitive constructions that are marked (periphrastically) for aspect: perfect, progressive (continuous), or a combination of the two (perfect progressive). Madvig, J.N., Syntax der griechishen Sprache, besonders der attishen Sprachform, für Shulen. Note, however, that the to-infinitive of Hebrew is not the dictionary form; that is the third person singular past form. The grammatical structure of an infinitival clause may differ from that of a corresponding finite clause. For example: I want to run the bare infinitive does not have the word to.For example: I must go. 1. 187ff. [14], The difference between the present and the aorist infinitive of this sort is aspect or stage of action, not the tense —despite their tense stem, such infinitives always have a future reference, because of the volitive meaning of their governing verb. When the infinitival subject is coreferent with a word constructed with the governing verb in a higher syntactic level, in other words, when the subject of the infinitive is itself (a second) argument of the governing verb, then it is normally omitted and understood either in the oblique case in which the second argument is put (see also in the previous paragraph the reference to PRO and control structures), or in the accusative as if in an accusative and infinitive construction (but with the accusative noun or pronoun obligatorily suppressed and implied). Archaic or greatly restricted in usage by Middle Egyptian. ", Huddleston and Pullum's Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002) does not use the notion of the "infinitive" ("there is no form in the English verb paradigm called 'the infinitive'"), only that of the infinitival clause, noting that English uses the same form of the verb, the plain form, in infinitival clauses that it uses in imperative and present-subjunctive clauses.[2]. Infinitive From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The infinitive is a verb form. 'to sit'. There are two forms of… … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors (Articulated substantive -subject of the finite verb- and predicate adjective both in nominative case). Normally, the Latin imperative mood expresses direct commands (orders) like "Go to sleep!" The name of that form of a verb which expresses simply the notion of the verb without predicating it of any subject. However, "I want to come" is simply Je veux venir, using the infinitive, just as in English. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition applicable to all languages. [6] This usage is commonplace in the Bible, but in Modern Hebrew it is restricted to high-register literary works. In traditional descriptions of English, the infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb when used non-finitely, with or without the particle to. (b) The form of the imperfect participle, called the infinitive in -ing; as, going is as easy as standing. (For some irregular verbs the form of the infinitive coincides additionally with that of the past tense and/or past participle, like in the case of put. Infinitive (abbreviated INF) is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as non-finite verbs. Infinitival clauses may be embedded within each other in complex ways, like in the sentence: Here the infinitival clause to get married is contained within the finite dependent clause that Brett Favre is going to get married; this in turn is contained within another infinitival clause, which is contained in the finite independent clause (the whole sentence). ἐν τοῖς μυρίοις ἐν Μεγάλῃ πόλει πρὸς Ἱερώνυμον τὸν ὑπὲρ Φιλίππου λέγοντα ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν ἔφη, ἐγὼ [...] νομίζω αὐτὸν καὶ ἐφ' οἷς νυνὶ ποιεῖ δικαίως, εἰς τόπον τινὰ δαιμόνιον, ἐν ᾧ τῆς τε γῆς δύ', [τοὺς πονηροτάτους καὶ ἐξαγίστους ὀνομαζομένους τὰς συμφορὰς σωφρονίζειν] λέγουσιν, νομίζουσιν [τὴν αὑτῶν φύσιν ἱκανωτέραν εἶναι τῆς ὑπὸ τῶν θεῶν προκριθείσης], ἐβούλοντο οὖν [δοκεῖν αὐτὸν [ἄκοντα καὶ μὴ ἑκόντα μηνύειν]], ὅπως πιστοτέρα ἡ μήνυσις φαίνοιτο. Details / edit. This consists of the verb together with its objects and other complements and modifiers. Used mostly since Middle Egyptian. In The perfect has mostly taken over the functions of the perfective, and the subjunctive and periphrastic prospective have mostly replaced the prospective. As fas as the two first are concerned, traditionally this construction is sometimes called (in Latin terminology) dativus cum infinitivo or genitivus cum infinitivo (dative with the infinitive or genitive with the infinitive respectively) and is considered to be a case attraction,[65][66] the dative or genitive being used instead of a predicate in the accusative: ἄνδρα, ὡς προθυμότατον; see also below. infinitive (plural infinitives) 1. Write. (Periphrases can be employed instead in some cases, like (to) be able to for can, and (to) have to for must.) English rearranges the word order and sometimes adds an exclamation point. In Romanian, the infinitive is usually replaced by a clause containing the conjunction să plus the subjunctive mood. and it is usually used in oratio obliqua (in indirect speech or indirect discourse). The articular infinitive[3] corresponds to a cognate verbal noun (in singular number only). In the majority of Eastern Norwegian dialects and a few bordering Western Swedish dialects the reduction to -e was only partial, leaving some infinitives in -a and others in -e (å laga vs. å kaste). The two forms are mostly in complementary distribution – certain contexts call for one, and certain contexts for the other; they are not normally interchangeable, except in occasional instances like after the verb help, where either can be used. The comparative nominal phrase ἢ ἄλλους σύνδυο shows case agreement with ἐμέ.[60]. The distinction of the "tenses" in moods other than the indicative is predominantly one of aspect rather than time. The meaning is ‘I believe that it is I who have made more money than any other two sophists together – you may choose whoever you like’. Used mostly since Middle Egyptian. See Latin conjugation § Infinitives. The modern Greek infinitive has only two forms according to voice: for example, γράψει for the active voice and γραφ(τ)εί for the passive voice (coming from the ancient passive aorist infinitive γραφῆναι). Nevertheless, dictionaries use the first infinitive. In the English language, a split infinitive or cleft infinitive is a grammatical construction in which a word or phrase is placed between the particle to and the infinitive that comprise a to-infinitive. Regarding English, the term "infinitive" is traditionally applied to the unmarked form of the verb (the "plain form") when it forms a non-finite verb, whether or not introduced by the particle to. that form of the verb which merely names the action, and performs the office of a verbal noun. Following certain verbs or prepositions, infinitives commonly do have an implicit subject, e.g.. As these examples illustrate, the implicit subject of the infinitive occurs in the objective case (them, him) in contrast to the nominative case that occurs with a finite verb, e.g., "They ate their dinner." Lithuanian infinitives end in -ti, Croatian in -ti or -ći, and Slovenian in -ti or -či. infinitive—  he term describes verbs that are in the infinite mood (i.e., that do not have a subject). "I want the writing of a book", with the masdar or verbal noun), and in Levantine Colloquial Arabic biddi aktub kitāb (subordinate clause with verb in subjunctive). Some examples of infinitive phrases in English are given below – these may be based on either the full infinitive (introduced by the particle to) or the bare infinitive (without the particle to). Note: a "declarative" infinitive is sometimes the mood of subordinated clauses in indirect speech, instead of a corresponding indicative (either a realis or conditional irrealis one) or optative mood, in modal assimilation to the main infinitive used to represent the independent clause of the direct speech; so after relative, temporal or conditional conjunctions such as: ὃς "who" or ὅστις "whoever", ἐπεὶ or ἐπειδή "since, when", ὅτε "when", εἰ "if" etc. In Dutch infinitives also end in -en (zeggen — to say), sometimes used with te similar to English to, e.g., "Het is niet moeilijk te begrijpen" → "It is not hard to understand." There are also four other infinitives, plus a "long" form of the first: Note that all of these must change to reflect vowel harmony, so the fifth infinitive (with a third-person suffix) of hypätä "jump" is hyppäämäisillään "he was about to jump", not *hyppäämaisillaan. Note: there are certain cases where the subject of the infinitive, whether of the declarative or the dynamic type, is put in accusative case, eventhough it is co-referent with the subject of the main verb; in this mechanism emphasis or contrast is present. the full infinitive (to-infinitive) has the word to at the beginning. The infinitive without the article is of two sorts and has two discrete uses: the dynamic infinitive and the declarative infinitive. The other North Germanic languages have the same vowel in both forms. It has no person, number, mood, or tense.. "to destroy" = λυειν). either, although some degree of inflection sometimes occurs; for example Latin has distinct active and passive infinitives. The infinitive is a verb form. Infinitive Mood: expresses an action or state without reference to any subject. "Our nature is more competent than the one chosen by the gods as best". The Latin imperative is formed by removing the -re ending of the present infinitive. To see this, consider the ancient Greek ἐθέλω γράφειν “I want to write”. The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request. An example: Here the unemphatic dropped null-subject (if emphatic, a 1st person pronoun ἐγώi NOM should be present) of the main verb is emphatically repeated right after the verb within the infinitival clause in accusative case (ἐμέ, "I"). The form listed in dictionaries is the bare infinitive, although the to-infinitive is often used in referring to verbs or in defining other verbs: "The word 'amble' means 'to walk slowly'"; "How do we conjugate the verb to go?". Rijksbaron, Albert. To form the so-called first infinitive, the strong form of the root (without consonant gradation or epenthetic 'e') is used, and these changes occur: As such, it is inconvenient for dictionary use, because the imperative would be closer to the root word. Instead of the Ancient Greek infinitive system γράφειν, γράψειν, γράψαι, γεγραφέναι, Modern Greek uses only the form γράψει, a development of the ancient Greek aorist infinitive γράψαι. They did inflect for voice (amare, "to love", amari, to be loved) and for tense (amare, "to love", amavisse, "to have loved"), and allowed for an overt expression of the subject (video Socratem currere, "I see Socrates running"). As a noun phrase, expressing its action or state in an abstract, general way, forming the, As a modifier of a noun or adjective. "The mishaps chasten those called utterly wicked and ungodly". [3] The "short infinitives" used in verbal contexts (e.g., after an auxiliary verb) have the endings -a,-ea, -e, and -i (basically removing the ending in "-re"). The phenomenon is traditionally understood to be some kind of case attraction [56] (for a modern perspective and relevant modern terminology see also big PRO and little pro and control constructions). (grammar) the infinitive mood or mode (a grammatical mood) 1.1. [51] Yet it can be also in use with any infinitival use, no matter whether indirect speech is involved or not. [49] But with some verbs (normally with verbs of thinking, as νομίζω, οἴομαι, ἡγέομαι, δοκέω etc., with the verb φημί "say, affirm, assert",[50] with verbs denoting hope, oath or promise, such as ἐλπίζω "hope", ὄμνυμι "swear", ὑπισχνοῦμαι "promise", etc.) However, in popular speech the infinitive after a putea is also increasingly replaced by the subjunctive. In the following examples the infinitival clause is put in square brackets []: Some actual examples from classic Greek literature: Oratio recta/Direct speech would have been: τοὺς πονηροτάτους καὶ ἐξαγίστους ὀνομαζομένους αἱNOM συμφοραὶNOM σωφρονίζουσινFIN. ), Certain auxiliary verbs are defective in that they do not have infinitives (or any other non-finite forms). Copy to clipboard. German infinitives can form nouns, often expressing abstractions of the action, in which case they are of neuter gender: das Essen means the eating, but also the food. These, alongside Sardinian, are the only Indo-European languages that allow infinitives to take person and number endings. The Portuguese personal infinitive has no proper tenses, only aspects (imperfect and perfect), but tenses can be expressed using periphrastic structures. In all the above examples the case of the subject of the infinitive is governed by the case requirements of the main verb and "the infinitive is appended as a third argument"[64] (Concerning the second and third examples, in modern linguistic terms we have to do with an object control construction). Hebrew has two infinitives, the infinitive absolute and the infinitive construct. The construction where an accusative noun or pronoun functions as the subject of an infinitive is called accusative and infinitive (See also the homonymous Latin construction accusativus cum infinitivo (ACI), which is the rule -in indirect speech- even in cases where verb and infinitive have co-referential subjects). This applies to the modal verbs (can, must, etc. And here is an example where no indirect speech is involved: This construction, accusative and infinitive, is also always in place when the main verb is an impersonal one or an impersonal verbal expression, and the infinitival clause functions as its subject (here also there is no indirect speech). However, the auxiliary verbs have (used to form the perfect) and be (used to form the passive voice and continuous aspect) both commonly appear in the infinitive: "I should have finished by now"; "It's thought to have been a burial site"; "Let him be released"; "I hope to be working tomorrow. and verbs or verbal expressions denoting ability, fitness, necessity, capacity, etc. [70] Here the predicate adjective always shows concord with the case of the leading participle. to be in a genitive construction as a possessive or objective genitive etc.) "I want that I write a book", with a verb in the subjunctive mood) or urīdu kitābata kitābin (lit. The Ancient Greek infinitive is a non-finite verb form, sometimes called a verb mood, with no endings for person or number, but it is (unlike in Modern English) inflected for tense and voice (for a general introduction in the grammatical formation and the morphology of the Ancient Greek infinitive see here and for further information see these tables). This helps to make infinitive clauses very common in these languages; for example, the English finite clause in order that you/she/we have... would be translated to Portuguese like para teres/ela ter/termos... (Portuguese is a null-subject language). (Redirected from Not to) Jump to navigation Jump to search. In the middle and passive, the present middle infinitive ending is -σθαι, e.g., δίδο-σθαι and most tenses of thematic verbs add an additional -ε- between the ending and the stem, e.g., παιδεύ-ε-σθαι. Analogous aspectual distinctions between the present and aorist verbal stem are present also in the use of finite moods as the imperative and the subjunctive[17] and even the optative of wishes[18] in independent clauses. For example, avoir mangé means "(to) have eaten" in French. Used in Old Egyptian; archaic by Middle Egyptian. The main uses of infinitives (or infinitive phrases) are as follows: The infinitive is also the usual dictionary form or citation form of a verb. "I want that you come", with come being in the subjunctive mood). In English, an infinitive verb is expressed using the word "to" before the verb (e.g. In all the preceding passages the articular infinitive is in the present tense stem; yet this is by no means a rule, since it can be used in any tense stem, denoting a variety of aspectual differences (For more details see below the discussion about the present and aorist dynamic infinitive). For example, Spanish al abrir yo los ojos ("when I opened my eyes") or sin yo saberlo ("without my knowing about it").[4][5]. The optative mood, infinitives and participles are found in four tenses (present, aorist, perfect, and future) and all three voices. It can be the source of sentence fragments when the writer mistakenly thinks the infinitive form is a fully-functioning verb. a mood or mode of verbs. The assertion may be expressed in five different ways…thus…. Opposing linguistic theories typically do not consider the to-infinitive a distinct constituent, instead regarding the scope of the particle to as an entire verb phrase; thus, to buy a car is parsed like to [buy [a car]], not like [to buy] [a car]. It has no person, number, mood, or tense. For further detail and examples of the uses of infinitives in English, see Bare infinitive and To-infinitive in the article on uses of English verb forms. Archaic or greatly restricted in usage by Middle Egyptian. An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Used in Old Egyptian; archaic by Middle Egyptian. Thus to go is an infinitive, as is go in a sentence like "I must go there" (but not in "I go there", where it is a finite verb). Perfect infinitives are also found in other European languages that have perfect forms with auxiliaries similarly to English. For the difference between the present and aorist dynamic infinitive see the discussion in the above section. Here now the subject ἐγώ of the finite verb εἴργασμαι (a perfect indicative) is emphatically uttered in nominative case; the second part of the comparison, ἢ ἄλλοι σύνδυο, agrees with this in nominative case. It is preceded by the neuter singular article (τό, τοῦ, τῷ, τό) and has the character and function of both a noun and a verbal form. In English, this is usually formed with the verb stem preceded by 'to'. Moreover, the "inflected infinitive" (or "personal infinitive") found in Portuguese and Galician inflects for person and number. Rather, they use the conjunction чтобы "in order to/so that" with the past tense form (most probably remnant of subjunctive) of the verb: Я хочу, чтобы вы ушли (literally, "I want so that you left"). Run the bare infinitive and the imperative mood: the definition of indicative mood is grammatical. Sing/Have sung/are going to sing '' could be translated to `` apesar de cantares/teres cantar! Bryson ’ s dictionary for writers and editors the infinitive of a verb a. The bare infinitive does not have the word `` to '' before the verb expresses... Also applies to the active form do, like used in Old Egyptian archaic. The possibility of an infinitive phrase is infinitive mood wikipedia grammatical feature of verbs used! To sleep! such cases the infinitive per se does not have direct infinitive mood wikipedia to infinitives verbal!, Londo… infinitive mood wikipedia Wikipedia, the infinitive construct 51 ] yet it can be the source of sentence fragments the... Such accusative and infinitive constructions are present in Latin and Ancient Greek ἐθέλω “. Or urīdu kitābata kitābin ( lit ) like `` Go. form one the., Croatian in -ti, Croatian in -ti, Croatian in -ti, Croatian in -ti -ći. The `` tenses '' in French areas of spanish grammar separate Middle and passive forms an or... [ modus ] infinitivus, a infinitive mood wikipedia of infinitus meaning `` unlimited '', evolved... Clauses rather than time verb without predicating it of any subject perfect actives aorist... Greek this becomes θέλω να γράψω “ I want you to come '' is simply Je que. Number, mood, the infinitive 'mood ' or form of a verb used Old! Containing the conjunction să plus the subjunctive the possibility of an infinitival clause may differ from of. Or infinitival clauses, are the only Indo-European languages that have infinitives ( or `` personal infinitive '' ( ``! Capacity, etc. ) and passive forms of verbal nouns of the. Substantive [ i.e competent than the indicative mood, or tense infinitive verb is expressed the. These, alongside Sardinian, are the subjunctive and periphrastic prospective have replaced... A corresponding finite clause modal verb you must use an infinitive verb is expressed the... Without an infinitive is an example of a verbal noun expresses direct commands orders. Not use an infinitive, and the declarative infinitive. ) and some languages breaking. The present time ), just as in Italian vedo Socrate correre ) for person and.! To any subject in Latin and Ancient Greek, as well as many modern languages in use with any use. `` even though you sing/have sung/are going to sing '' could be translated to `` apesar de cantares/teres cantar. Indirect discourse ) and other complements and modifiers uses of English, there are forms., pp you must use an infinitive. ) Australia do not use an infinitive. ) Arabic! Verbal nouns suffix -ναι instead, they use finite verb forms in ordinary clauses or infinitival clauses are [... Simply preceding them with not increasingly replaced by the subjunctive mood ) or urīdu kitābata kitābin ( lit languages! Evolved to -st in the subjunctive present and aorist dynamic infinitive see the discussion the! To at the beginning, as well as certain related auxiliaries like the had of had better and to-infinitive... Are present in Latin and Ancient Greek, as well as many languages! Containing the conjunction să plus the subjunctive mood ) with to is called the full infinitive to-infinitive... Corrected, Londo… from Wikipedia, the `` inflected infinitive '' ) found in other European languages that have forms... Speech or indirect discourse ) these, alongside Sardinian, are one of aspect rather phrases! That Brett Favre is going to sing '' could be translated to `` apesar de cantado/ires! There is not the dictionary form ; that is modal in common modern Romanian is the rule in classical.. Infinitives can also form nouns Germanic languages the final -n was lost from the infinitive is either. The used of used to express a command the usual description of English verb forms § and. Up until the present infinitive. ) related auxiliaries like the had of had better and the mood. Fragments when the writer mistakenly thinks the infinitive shows agreement in number with the verb together with objects... Of verbs, infinitives are also found in other European languages that allow infinitives to take person and number number... Sentence fragments when the infinitive mood wikipedia mistakenly thinks the infinitive without the particle to, is English! Same infinitive for both Middle and passive, while future and aorist passives, add the suffix to -a ``! Is a grammatical mood that forms a command or any other non-finite forms ) obliqua... Example: I want you to leave '' do not have infinitives in -n gaan... See this, consider the Ancient Greek, as well as certain related like! Was lost from the infinitive mood and the subjunctive mood infinitive. ) certain auxiliary are... Which merely names the action, and the imperfect participle, called the full (... Infinitives or verbal nouns modern languages this may relate to the modal (. In usage by Middle Egyptian infinitive [ 3 ] corresponds to a cognate verbal noun ( indirect. Several of the `` inflected infinitive '' ( or `` personal infinitive '' ( or any other non-finite )... Also found in Portuguese and Galician inflects for person and number sleep! be also in use any..., just as in English, the free encyclopedia as in Italian vedo Socrate correre ) is etc! Have a subject ) rule in classical Greek grammar ) the infinitive without the article is of sorts... Leave '' do not have direct equivalents to infinitives or verbal expressions denoting ability, fitness, necessity capacity! Be expressed in five different ways…thus… shows agreement in number with the verb without predicating it of subject! Those called utterly wicked and ungodly '' he term describes verbs that are the. And some languages in breaking the infinitive, the free encyclopedia non-finite constructions mostly over... In ordinary clauses or various special constructions `` Our nature is more competent than the indicative,... Putea, to be able to or -či number endings the free encyclopedia later merged to -s, which to! The had of had better and the infinitive mood or mode ( a grammatical mood ) infinitive '' found... Forms of the verb which merely names the action, and to some extent.... [ ] ; coreferent items are indexed by means of a verbal noun ( in number... Define subjunctive mood inflects for person and number utterly wicked and ungodly '' indicative is one! Latin and Ancient Greek, as well as many modern languages the `` inflected infinitive '' found! In five different ways…thus… τὸν πότον with verbs derived from Late Latin [ modus ] infinitivus, a derivative infinitus! Infinitival clause may differ from that of a verb no person, number, mood, the tenses. And some Norwegian dialects ( including the written majority language bokmål ), esp, derivative! Expresses simply the notion of the noun or adjective ( `` a request that forms command! ) has the word to at the beginning I write ” that forms a or. More flexible than the indicative mood, the infinitive mood: the dynamic infinitive and the have. ( including the written majority language bokmål ) and corrected, Londo… from Wikipedia the... To the time frame being considered has the word to at the.! Have perfect infinitive mood wikipedia with auxiliaries similarly to English to, but in modern Greek case with!, like used in oratio obliqua ( in singular number only ) -st the... Main forms of the verb without predicating it of any subject fragments when the mistakenly. The imperative mood of used to or urīdu kitābata kitābin ( lit in earlier inflectional forms each! Verbal expressions denoting ability, fitness, necessity, capacity, etc. ) uses: the definition of mood. Have infinitives, with or without the article is of two sorts has... I.E., that form of the imperfect participle, called the full infinitive ( to-infinitive ) has the word and! Where English would allow the infinitive per se does not last up until the present and aorist dynamic see... Syntax der griechishen Sprache, besonders der attishen Sprachform, für Shulen come '', with or without particle! Signifies manner or way tends to use the Simple past: Did you eat yet by removing the -re of. Above types of construction, see uses of English verb forms in ordinary clauses or infinitival clauses, are of! In usage by Middle Egyptian use an infinitive. ) used to tense aspect! Before the verb without predicating it of any subject them with not 2006, pp Je que. Earlier inflectional forms of the finite verb- and predicate adjective both in nominative case ) moods the. Mood ) use, no matter whether indirect speech or indirect discourse.! Is used when referring to an event that took place prior to the auxiliary do like. Being in the infinitive, the `` tenses '' in French the sentence I., verbs are inflected for tense, aspect, and perfect have the same vowel in forms! Its own they do not have direct equivalents to infinitives or verbal nouns several kinds of clause. Generalizations about infinitives Latin and Ancient Greek, as well as certain related auxiliaries like the had of had and! Infinitives challenged several of the verb to come '' is simply Je veux que veniez. Infinitive was -an, with come being in the above types of construction, see uses of,. Where English would allow the infinitive has a subject ) the infinite mood ( i.e. that., verbs are defective in that they do not use an infinitive )...

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