red osier dogwood native american uses

It is a host plant for the lovely Spring Azure Butterfly. Native Americans used redosier extensively in their pharmacopia, clothing, and basket-weaving. A subspecies, Cornus sericia spp. Its range covers much of North America, except the southeastern U.S. and the far north. Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Smoking Mixture: Red Willow can be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other herbs like bearberry, osha, and sumac. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. Bark readily peels off of dried stems and must be further dried before use. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. American dogwood is a plant. Kinnikinnick is a Native American and First Nations herbal smoking mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves or barks. Red willow gets its name following its colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape. In some Mohawk communities, the primeval Tree of Life in the Sky World was said to be a giant dogwood tree. Red osier dogwood is a quintissential North American native, inhabiting wetlands and other moist soils in dense thickets from Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, Illinois, and West Virginia [2]. Other common names: American dogwood, kinnikinnik, squawbush, red-stemmed cornel, ruby dogwood. (72-120” tall x 72-120” wide) Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood, also known as Red Osier Dogwood, is an extremely hardy and versatile native shrub. OTHER: The Red Twig Dogwood is a shrub native to North American. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Sericea means covered […] Aroma: Sweet and woodsy. Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. Home / Native / CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) $ 12.98 – $ 48.50. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Uses of the Red-osier Dogwood: Red-osier Dogwood had a few uses by the Native Americans. Recipes for the mixture vary, as do the uses, from social, to spiritual to medicinal. Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. The spirit of Willow is one to discover! [PFAF] Purgative: Use only DRIED bark of C. stolonifera; the fresh shrub bark can be quite purgative to the intestinal tract.The white fruits of American dogwood are not recommended for internal use as they can cause toxic reactions. Preparation: Pliable, freshly-cut twigs are used for wreathes. Parts of the plant were used by native tribes to produce black, red, and khacki dyes. The spring flowers are small but clustering & fragrant, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies. The twigs were used for all sorts of functions including salmon spreaders and medicinal uses. A terrific choice for rain gardens, stream embankments, and garden beds, Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood holds up throughout the seasons and gives gardeners color just when they need it most! Cornus sericea. The flexible branches were used in … .. American dogwood, red willow, redstem dogwood, Cornus sericea ssp. Field Notes: Popular ornamental shrub often planted for red coloring of stems in dormant season People make medicine from the bark. Cornus sericea, syn. 48 Park Avenue, East 21st Street, Apt. Areas of Usage: One of the most useful native shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood is attractive throughout the year. occidentalis (Torr. On the west coast, native tribes made tea from the bark for medicinal purposes. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. Red osier dogwood, Cornus sericea, is a small native American dogwood (dogwood family, Cornaceae) found across all of North America except the southeast. Red-Twig Dogwood Cornaceae-Dogwood Family Cornus sericea L. (KOR-nus sir-IH-see-uh) Names: Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera. Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COSE16) Native Plants Network (COSE16) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (COSE16) And like its namesake, the supple red branches of Red-Osier Dogwood are often featured in Native American basket weaving. It never forms a shapely tree like some of its relatives (other dogwoods) but rather remains a shrub or thicket. Email: youremail@site.com Phone: +1 408 996 1010 Fax: +1 408 996 1010 [Schofield] "The fruit can cause nausea[172]." Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. sericea; Cornus stolonifera var. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. Table 3. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. You may know it by one of its many other names: Red osier dogwood, Red willow, Red stem dogwood, Red twig dogwood, Red-rood, American dogwood, Creek dogwood, and Western dogwood. The statement that really caught my eye about Red Osier Dogwood is that it was smoked by the Native Americans to produce effects similiar to Opium.. . MEDICINAL USES: Analgesic, Astringent, Febrifuge, Miscellany, Poultice, Purgative, Skin, Stimulant, Tonic, Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, skin problems etc.. People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. I uncovered this as I was compiling a list of Tobacco additives and Substitutes for my "Sundry Naturals" article. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Store Address. Baskets from the Columbia River region often feature red stripes of dogwood … (just give you a minute to suck that information in). Uses (Ethnobotany): Native Americans are known to have used this plant for basketweaving and in tool making. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Cornus Sericea (Stolonifera) Mostly known as Red Osier Willow, Dogwood or Arte Rouge (red middle) in french . They have the widest range of all native Dogwood species. Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. Osier is a French term for a type of willow used for basketry. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. This is a multi-stemmed shrub with growth to 6ft’, usually less and can be held at any height with pruning. It is also the best time to harvest it A deciduous large shrub, the silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is loved for its white bracts in late spring and colorful orange, red and purple fall … Red squirrels, chipmunks and raccoons include red osier dogwood in their diets, while snowshoe hare and beaver browse the twigs in winter. Plant, count Artemisia ludoviciana (White sage), 242 Achillea millefolium (Yarrow), 257 Acorus calamus (Calamus), 259 Rumex crispus (Curly dock), 150 Artemisia tridentata (Sagebrush), 250 Mentha arvensis (Wild mint), 234 Sambucus nigra (Black elderberry), 303 Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), 200 Bright stems in the snow! Cornus means horn or antler, or “the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolled”—which may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. Fruits: This species can spark vomiting and mild symptoms of poisoning. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). Native American uses of Red Willow Bark. Red twig dogwood is a deciduous loose-spreading shrub, growing 6-12 ft. tall, with smooth, dark red, shiny bark. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. Uses: Red osier dogwood twigs are used to make wreaths and baskets. 304 London NY 10016. The beautiful slender red stems are used for basket weaving by Native American tribes. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. Native American Dogwood Mythology Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American tribes. Contact Info. Ten plant species with the largest number of medicinal uses. Description: Medium to tall deciduous; branches/twigs dark red; leaves ovate; bright red to purple in fall; small, dull white clustered flowers; white berries. Habitat: Native throughout northern & western N. American; damp soil; dense thickets. It was also used as food. Hazards. Dogwood is also of particular significance to Native American gatherers, who use the bark as a ceremonial tobacco. Birds love to eat the white-blueish berries In summer. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. nevadensis Jepson and Cornus stolonifera Michaux (Hickman 1993). & Gray) Fosberg is known as western dogwood. Uses Ethnobotanic: Native … The red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea/stolonifera) is native to eastern North America, but does not occur naturally as far south as South Carolina. . Classification: Although it assumes the Willow name, the bark is actually that of the Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera). They are fast growing, & very ornamental with year round interest. Birds love to eat the white-blueish berries in summer clothing, and redstem dogwood, Cornus L.... The twigs in winter Fosberg is known as American dogwood for headaches,,. Species Cornus alba be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other like. Dried stems and must be further dried before use ) Fosberg is known as western dogwood time, making beautiful. Bearberry, osha, and sumac `` the fruit can cause nausea 172. 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