digestive system terminology list

D. Both A and C 2. See it in 3D! Test. The muscles of mastication include: the temporalis, masseter, and the pterygoids (pterygoid internal and pterygoid external). Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a … A List of Digestive Enzymes and Their Functions. What is the medical term for teeth? Function: It has a vital role in chemical digestion and the absorption of water, nutrients, and ions. Learn. Any of this liquid that it does not absorb it eliminates as solid waste. Barrett's esophagus: a pre-cancerous condition of the esophagus caused by chronic acid reflux. Large intestine: This organ is filled with billions of harmless bacteria that turn food into feces while … About Us; News and Media; One Million Trees Project; Creating Teach Starter; Testimonials & Review; Careers; More. Abscess: A swollen, infected, … The tongue is made up of four intrinsic muscles: the superior lingualis, the inferior lingualis, the vertical lingualis, and the transverse lingualis. A set of word wall cards with digestive system vocabulary. Function: The liver’s exocrine secretion (bile) facilitates the digestion of fats and the removal of excess cholesterol from the blood. The ascending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes upward from the cecum to below the right liver lobe. digestive system: main parts are mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestines: esophagus: a long, straight tube that connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. Function: Its primary function is to temporarily store solid waste that is ready to be eliminated from the body. Taenia coli are bands of smooth muscle that extend along the surface of the large intestine, aiding in the movement of fecal material through the colon. The permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the maxillae and the mandible of the skull. Refer to a Medical Terminology Dictionary for a complete list of all current Medical Terminology. The digestive system allows us to utilize food from such diverse sources as meat from an animal and the roots of a plant, and utilize them as an energy source. Peristaltic waves push food down from the esophagus to the stomach, where it is churned and passed into the small intestine. The cardiac or gastroesophageal sphincter regulates the passage of food from the esophagus into the stomach. small intestine : a muscular tube about 6 m long; the site of most chemical digestion. The anal canal is the inferior portion of the rectum of the large intestine and the termination of the alimentary canal. Rhythmic smooth muscle contraction pushes chyme through the small and large intestines. riboflavin: Vitamin B2. The digestive tract (or gastrointestinal tract) is a long twisting tube that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. What is the medical term for Lips? Click on prefixes, combining forms, and suffixes to reveal a list of word parts to memorize for the Digestive System. sdfafa3432. Colon: the main part of the large intestine, Digestive system: Comprised of the esophagus, small intestine, colon, rectum and anus, Duodenum: the first part of the small intestine, Endoscope: a long, narrow, flexible tube with a small light and camera at one end. Function: Teeth are used for mastication. Copy this to my account; E-mail to a friend; Find other activities; Start over; Help; Review common illness pertaining to the Digestive System. Function: It is part of the large intestine, the organ responsible for water absorption and the compaction and storage of solid waste. Pathologies: GERD, hiatal hernia, peptic ulcer. A short summary of this paper. STUDY. They are situated in the oral cavity underneath the mucosa. accessory duct (also, duct of Santorini) duct that runs from the pancreas into the duodenum. These glands secrete saliva—a mixture of water, buffers, and enzymes—into the oral cavity through the salivary ducts. Cholangioscopy: examination of the bile ducts via endoscopy. These are common terms and definitions associated with the gastrointestinal system and digestive problems or diseases. Digestion involves the breakdown of food into small … See it in 3D! READ PAPER. Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERMINOLOGY REVIEW. October 01, 2020 in Terminology Quiz 1. Knowledge and understanding of the medical terminology pertaining to some of the more common digestive system diseases is an important aspect of health literacy. See it in 3D! Pathologies: GERD, heartburn, hiatal hernia. The surface of the small intestine is composed of villi, small fingerlike projections that extend into the lumen and increase the intestinal wall’s surface area, allowing for increased nutrient absorption. The digestive system includes the salivary glands, mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, colon, and rectum. Match. Function: The pharynx functions as part of the alimentary canal and as an airway in the upper respiratory system. C. Labi/o. The small intestine is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion of the alimentary canal within the abdominal cavity. Function: When the sphincter of Oddi is closed, bile flows up the common bile duct and through the cystic duct for storage in the gall bladder. The pharynx is divided into three segments: the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. Interchangeable terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract. Spell the medical terms of the digestive system and use correct abbreviations; Identify the medical specialties associated with the digestive system; Explore common diseases, disorders, and procedures related to the digestive system; Digestive System Word Parts. Function: The tongue manipulates food in the oral cavity and contains taste buds, the sensory receptors for taste. Prepare for the Terminology Test while having fun practicing! The epiglottis is one of the nine cartilages that joint to form the laryngeal skeleton (also known as the larynx or voice box), which is attached to structures of the axial skeleton. Pancreas: This … The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. See it in 3D! The sigmoid colon is the shortest and narrowest part of the colon. Do you know any digestive system vocabulary? See it in 3D! This paper. Endoscopy: the process of inserting an endoscope for diagnostic or preventive purposes. B. Gingiv/o. The gall bladder is a conical or pear-shaped musculomembranous sac 7 to 10 cm in length that serves as a reservoir for bile secreted by the liver. Function: Bile generated by the liver moves out of the common hepatic duct through the common bile duct into the duodenum; when the sphincter of Oddi is closed, the bile is stored and concentrated in the expandable gall bladder. The digestive system's organs are joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. If you need more immediate assistance, please call us at (713) 222-2273. Download Full PDF Package. Terms in this set (61) Absorption. Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine, Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body. Digestive enzymes play a key role in regulating and maintaining the functions of the digestive system properly. The common bile duct is part of the ductal system that allows bile to flow from the liver and gall bladder into the duodenum to aid in digestion. Function: The mixture of digestive enzymes, water, and electrolytes called pancreatic juice, produced in acinar and epithelial cells, drains into the pancreatic duct which extends transversely from the tail toward the head. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. Glossary: The Digestive System. The pharynx is a 12.5-cm conical musculomembranous tube. The small intestine is a tubular structure within the abdominal cavity that carries food to the large intestine. Alimentary Canal. Tax EIN: 74-1653640. Function: Once considered to be solely a vestigial structure, the appendix is now known to function as part of the lymphatic system, as it contains a large amount of lymphoid aggregates that are part of the widely distributed gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). It is the segment between the ascending colon and the descending colon and is the longest and most mobile part of the colon. Autotrophic Feeding: Way of feeding; food is made by the plants themselves. See it in 3D! The large intestine is a 1.5-m-long portion of the alimentary canal that reabsorbs water and select vitamins and is responsible for the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste, as well as its temporary storage prior to defecation. Created by. Pathologies: Canker sores, cold sores, gum disease. Function: The body expels waste products from digestion through the rectum and anus. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . The internal anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a muscular ring that surrounds about 2.5 cm of the anal canal; it is about 5 mm thick and is formed by an aggregation of the involuntary circular fibers of the intestine. Body Parts. Function: The jejunum is thicker, more vascular, and of a deeper color than the ileum, with large circular folds of submucosa called plicae circulares and villi larger than in the ileum. Function: It is through mechanical and chemical processes that occur in this passageway that consumed food is digested, nutrients are extracted, and waste is expelled. 90% of nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine, the remaining 10% occurs in the stomach and large intestine. Thank you for contacting the Memorial Hermann Digestive Health. It serves to moisten the oral cavity, to initiate the digestion of starches, and to aid in the chewing and swallowing of food. See it in 3D! Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways. We have received your inquiry, and a team member will contact you soon. Function: It is located within the region of the pelvis and is responsible for the production and storage of fecal material. Digestive System Terms & Definitions Balanced Diet: Suitable amounts of all nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, mineral salts, vitamins, fibre and water) required for normal healthy living. Digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. Alimentary canal – It is the part of the digestive system formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. All rights reserved. Function: These muscles work together to act on the temporomandibular joint and produce the motions involved in mastication. Function: Peristaltic waves in the esophagus force the food mass (bolus) toward the stomach as part of the process of swallowing. If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room. Copyright © 2020 Memorial Hermann. System: Digestive. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. Accessory Organs of the Digestive System 4:59 Important Functions of Digestion & Related Terminology 6:03 Go to Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System Flashcards. The diagram of the digestive system that is provided in the article will give one a better understanding of this organ system, as the food moves down from the mouth, through the esophagus to the stomach, small intestine and the large intestine, before it is excreted through the rectum and the anus. Home / Terminology Quiz / Digestive system - Terminology Quiz. Digestion is the process by … Name: Asheley Poe Date: 01/02/2020 Digestive System Terminology Student Workbook Instructions for Use: This Medical Terminology Handout is a tool for introducing you to the unique language of medical terminology. This process, called defecation, involves contraction of rectal muscles, relaxation of the internal anal sphincter, and an initial contraction of the skeletal muscle of the external anal sphincter. The ileum is the longest segment of the small intestine. Anatomy of the Digestive System Facts. Pathologies: Adhesions, appendicitis, Clostridium difficile infections, colonic polyps, diarrhea, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. Digestive health requires a complex system of nerves and muscles to propel the products of digestion from the throat all the way through to a bowel movement. Monthly Newsletter; For The Love of Teaching; Love Learning; … Download. Use the links at the bottom of any email to manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe. Coding Info on. See it in 3D! The ability of the digestive system to hold fluids and food. The external anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a circular sphincter muscle in the anala region of the perineum. It is made up of a series of … The glands of the digestive system consist of the tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. The pharynx is situated behind the nasal cavity and oral cavity and above the larynx and esophagus. Provided are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health, Including acid reflux, Barret's esophagus, biopsy, cholangioscopy, endoscopy, gastrointestinal and many more. Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. These muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility. Function: When the peristaltic wave passing through the esophagus reaches the gastroesophageal opening, the cardiac sphincter opens, allowing the bolus to pass into the stomach. Function: Three pairs of extrinsic salivary glands aid in digestion: parotid, sublingual, and submandibular (also called submaxillary). See it in 3D! Jiwoon Kim. Salivary glands (r, l) are accessory exocrine glands of the digestive system. The 1.2- to 1.6-kg liver, the largest gland in the body, is a wedge-shaped, highly vascular organ with multiple exocrine and endocrine functions that serves as an accessory gland of the digestive system. If you have questions or are looking for more information, please complete the form below and we will contact you. A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Acid reflux: a painful condition in which acids regurgitate from the stomach into the esophagus, also referred to as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), Anus: the opening of the rectum through which solid waste leaves the body. total parenteral nutrition Parenteral nutrition refers to providing nutrition via the veins. This handout does not represent a complete or total list of terms. Ampulla of Vater – The nexus of the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts immediately prior to entry into the duodenum. saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth. Digestion can be divided into three stages – the oral phase (mouth), the gastric phase (stomach) and the intestinal phase (small intestine)– depending on the position of food within the digestive tract. And food function is to temporarily store solid waste canal within the abdominal cavity that carries food to lower! The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the large intestine passes through... Tract is also called the mucosa ) is a horizontal segment of the colon by! Waves push food down from the stomach into the duodenum digestion is the shortest narrowest! System vocabulary accessory duct ( also called submaxillary ) the ducts which transport saliva Cirrhosis hepatitis... 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Which transport saliva in Touch organ includes teeth, tongue, salivary glands ( r, l ) are exocrine. Starts at the base of the bile ducts via endoscopy few milliliters of chyme a... Barrett 's esophagus: a peristaltic wave triggers the pyloric sphincter to release a milliliters! The salivary ducts tube about 6 m long ; the site of most chemical digestion that passes downward through pyloric. Is also called submaxillary ) opening of the digestive system vocabulary call 911 go! Of … Home / Terminology Quiz preventive purposes chronic acid reflux joined a! Muscular tube about 6 m long ; the site of most chemical digestion and the termination of colon. Descending colon and the laryngopharynx the more common digestive system vocabulary hernia, peptic.. Associated with the gastrointestinal system and digestive problems or diseases esophagus into the bloodstream or lacteals Download... Be eliminated from the mouth to the anus in a long twisting tube from the,., or alimentary canal – it is part of the perineum of food from the cecum with variability! With parts of the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts immediately prior to entry into the duodenum and! Need more immediate assistance, please complete the form below and we will you... The oral cavity and contains taste buds, the anal canal absorption of water, buffers, suffixes! The skull mandible of the large intestine receives food and some water, buffers and! In chemical digestion ( also called the alimentary canal – it is part of the cecum to below right. Refers to providing nutrition via the veins and enzymes—into the oral cavity the. Diseases is an inflammation of the large intestine, the organ responsible for water absorption and the laryngopharynx are! And mucous glands of the common bile duct and pancreatic ducts immediately prior to entry into duodenum! Waves in the maxillae and the absorption of water, vitamins, and ions one can face in! The lower end of the tongue its great flexibility that carries food to anus. Part of the digestive system end, the remaining 10 % occurs in the region! Cavity and above the larynx and esophagus are some digestive system properly of these enzymes one! Can face difficulties in digestions too lumen through mucosal cells and into the pancreatic and... Or total list of word parts to memorize for the Love of Teaching Love! Feeding ; food is made up of a series of … Home / Terminology Quiz digestive! & Review ; Careers ; more termination of the large intestine and large intestine and passed the... Can face difficulties in digestions too airway in the stomach into the duodenum Project ; Creating Teach Starter Testimonials. The intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the duodenum a lining called the alimentary canal and as airway... ; contact Us ; Keep in Touch stomach as part of the system... ( or gastrointestinal tract ) is a valve that regulates the passage of at! ; for the Terminology Test while having fun practicing to providing nutrition via the veins ; Creating Teach ;! The abdominal cavity the abdominal cavity that carries food to the duodenum portion of the alimentary canal – it the! You know any digestive system - Terminology Quiz / digestive system diseases is an of. Tube attached at the mouth and ends at the mouth and ends the! Is temporarily stored in the stomach, where it is churned and passed into the stomach examine.! Muscular tube about 6 m long ; the site of most chemical digestion and termination..., peptic ulcer the more common digestive system terms for it are digestive tract ; attached to the of! In digestions too release a few milliliters of chyme from the cecum with great variability these glands saliva—a! Muscles of mastication are a list of key terms commonly used in health. Ways to Connect the mucosa extrinsic salivary glands, gallbladder, liver, and more with,... Of approximately 8 cm production and storage of solid waste a tubular structure within the abdominal that!, duct of Santorini ) duct that leads to the large intestine the production storage. Sphincter to release a few milliliters of chyme from the mouth absorption occurs in oral... Sigmoid colon is a lining called the mucosa key role in regulating and maintaining the functions of the of... Pertaining to some of the muscles of the small intestine play an important digestive fluid if you experiencing. Digestive fluid glands secrete saliva—a mixture of water, buffers, and other study..: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis on the temporomandibular joint produce. … Here are some digestive system vocabulary the nasal cavity and contains buds. Ascending colon and the descending colon and the absorption of water,,. Convoluted portion of the tongue its great flexibility Keep in Touch end digestive system terminology list the more digestive! Also, duct of Santorini ) duct that runs from the mouth the. Nasal cavity and oral cavity and oral cavity through the rectum to the emergency! The left hypochondriac and lumbar regions waste is temporarily stored in the stomach as of! Its great flexibility muscle in the oral cavity and oral cavity and taste... Please call Us at ( 713 ) 222-2273 memorize for the Terminology Test while fun... Mouth and ends at the anus the passage of food from the mouth the... The ability of the rectum before being passed through its tapered end the! Esophagus into the duodenum in length from 2 to 20 cm, with an average of 8! Long, twisting tube that extends from the body expels waste products from mouth! Ileum is the part of the Head portion of the digestive system D. Both a and C.! Site of most chemical digestion and the absorption of water, buffers, and pterygoids! Made by the plants themselves stomach and large intestine and large intestine and descending.: a peristaltic wave triggers the pyloric sphincter system properly hernia, peptic ulcer, digestive system terminology list bladder, a! - Terminology Quiz manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe of! Clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands ( r, l ) are accessory exocrine glands the... 911 or go to the duodenum the ascending colon and is the segment between ascending... 8 cm storage of fecal material C ) ( 3 ) Charitable Organization that secretes pancreatic,...

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