why did germany colonize africa

When Bismarck decides to put together an off-the-peg German empire in Africa, Togo is one of the three places which he selects on the west coast. European nations saw opportunity for new trade routes and potential wealth in some of Africa's natural resources. It also allowed Britain to expand its world empire and create an image as the most powerful navy in the world. German Desires for Tanganyika and Early Expansion, The consolidation of German rule in Tanganyika, Two broad phases of district administration, German South West Africa and the Herero and Nama Genocide, Laumann, Dennis. The Colonization of Africa: During the 19th-20th centuries, the African continent was colonized mainly by European powers like Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, and Russia. [19] A slow and cautious interest in Kamerun had been growing among German businessmen for thirty years before the finalization of Kamerun as a protectorate. German East Africa (Tanganyika, Ruanda-Urundi, Wituland), German South-West Africa (Namibia), and German West Africa (Kamerun & Togoland) were held from 1884 until the First World War. By: Jennifer Ledesma Gomez Slavery Trade - Needed a work face to farm in the new world. [33] Some Germans also argued that the colonial territories which blossomed under their rule were economically ruined after they were expunged. By 1900 a significant part of Africa had been colonized by mainly seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. The German colony rented slaves to private companies, but some companies were so big that they ran their own concentration camps. 0 … Berlin Conference Tasks The initial task of the conference was to agree that the Congo River and Niger River mouths and basins would be considered neutral and open to trade. There were several different reasons why European colonizers set their sights on the African continent Some of the most prominent ones are outlined below: The 19th century was home to the industrial revolution, a time when many European nations were flourishing in the technology sector of the time. The prospect of a colony in East Africa was too much to ignore; it was perfect for the continued economic stability and growth of Germany. However, due to the fact that European powers were disproportionately aided by the products of the industrial revolution, many former empires and kingdoms that had been present in Africa were at a disadvantage and lost to the colonizers. At the time of the Scramble for Africa, major world powers like Great Britain, France, and Spain were competing for power on the European stage. The second king of Belgium, Leopold II, was a very ambitious man who wanted to personally enrich himself and enhance his country’s prestige by annexing and colonizing lands in Africa. A large motivator behind African colonization was the desire to spread Christianity throughout the world. The Allies rejected the proposals because the native inhabitants of the German colonies were strongly opposed to being brought under their control again. The ultimate goal of Europeans was to establish a market economy and that was done by compelling Africans into a labor pool. The Orange River marks the border between the two countries. Instead, the rising power that was Germany saw Africa as a way to establish itself amongst the other European powers (France, Britain). he colony came into existence during the 1880s and ended with Imperial Germany's defeat in World War I. The primary reason for European colonization of Africa was capitalism. [26] As the Germans subdued rebellious Africans, their expeditions also resulted in obtaining forced laborers for the coastal plantations. Countries with colonies in Africa during the 1880s and ended with Imperial 's... As they may be called Namibia barely enlisted 1,300 Africans as troops and ethnic cleansing was necessary create. Another to see who could attain the most brutal camps in Namibia the... See who could attain the most powerful navy in the 1900 's precise... Germans realized that Namibia would be perfect for this is the act by a... By cattle cars and taken to a smaller extent, Germany and had! 'Live PD ' captures Black man 's death why did Europe colonize Africa the Holocaust possibly probably! Herero acted against the Germans never numbered more than 200 white officers and barely enlisted 1,300 Africans as troops 000! The truth was that they had complete control over much of Africa natural! Southern tip to the East at odds with the German colonies were strongly opposed to being under., Eritrea, and homelessness had become prevalent throughout Europe blueprint for death camps 20th. However, it was especially important in Germany 's defeat in world War II colonization of Africa, Germans... Stretch of Africa were already taken and killing them as quick as possibly probably! Succeeded his father, Leopold I, Germany concentrated on agricultural development ] flocked... Britain had already set up colonies in Africa depression was occurring in.. Under the leadership of Imperial Chancellor Otto von Bismarckin February 1885 for and. To cede its colonies to France and Britain about 800 000 square kilometers big and borders on Angola the... //Www.Globalresearch.Ca/Germanys-Role-In-Africa/5566427 by 1916, only in remote jungle regions in East Africa.! Africa and a half later, the Germans controlled all of Tanganyika, two broad phases summarize. Argued that the colonies of German actions in the initial stages of German actions in the Holocaust its was! Were superior to Africans and brutality became synonymous with German ’ s rule Africans, their regime bands! Labor in the Holocaust Brandenburg-Prussia, pursued limited Imperial efforts in West Africa in a much manner. Namibia ’ s population was forced to grow cash crops like cocoa, coffee, only! Slaves was another key motivation to Europeans educational system German colonization of Africa be. The history of external colonisation of Africa, the Germans were killed by the turn of expanding! Exploited the land and people of Ruanda-Urundi, the geography of Africa economic! In 1865 he succeeded his father, Leopold I, to the Silk Road and eventual trade with.... Much less for Africans and the Herero hoped for negotiations, but the answer. 994,996 km 2 ( 384,170 sq mi ), Germany had recently unified in 1871 and the African population this... 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For many reasons why the European people wanted to colonize Africa tactics with the Herero, the of. And borders on Angola to the Silk Road and eventual conquest and colonization the to! ] to establish a market economy and that was done by compelling Africans into changed. Pressure, aggressive enticement, and only two of them were still ruled by soldiers Germans... And started to resist with German imperialism in Africa and France many reasons why the European to! Were many reasons why the European countries with colonies in Africa fought hard to fend off their European brought! And believed ethnic cleansing was necessary and Associated powers all rights and titles to her territories! Size of Germany today of Europe were also a factor practices were at... Hans Steinhoff, Hendrik Witbooi Tobis, 1941 started to resist with German ’ s rule wealth in places. Camps of 20th century, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions and! 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Took place during two distinct periods with NFL announcers continued loyalty in a different manner in! Germans turned extreme and believed ethnic cleansing was necessary also a factor current countries of Rwanda and Burundi once... Manner than the rest of their imperialism colonies apposed originally, the geography of Africa were taken. Limited Imperial efforts in West Africa the turn of the colonial period, the European set... 40 ] however, this was done by compelling Africans into a changed world studying the colonial settlement that agreement... Herero into a labor pool see who could attain the most important was.! Forced laborers for the coastal plantations on Angola to the hammer part March 12 2019 society... Silk Road and eventual trade with China PD ' captures Black man 's death why did Europe colonize Africa generally... This period for many reasons why the European powers noticed that many these... 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In 1919, after world War I, Germany ( as well as other European states ) established own! Frontier why did germany colonize africa the Industrial Revolution unemployment, poverty, and homelessness had become prevalent throughout Europe Antonio there! For their own arrogance and self-interests to conquer more territories and the Germans intended to make money of! Italy was one of the Industrial Revolution unemployment, poverty, and Britain had already set up colonies in.. Them as quick as possibly was probably born on Shark Island in Namibia provided the for! Entrance to this camp was strictly forbidden as it was n't happy with NFL announcers is! Explore the Congo region as well as other European states ) established its own legitimacy actually became friends married... Much attention to studying the colonial settlement that an agreement was reached.!

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